How To Get The Screen Resolution In Pixels

January 7, 2009

The function GetWindowRect(), defined in WinUser.h, is able to give the current screen resolution. The declaration of GetWindowRect() is


BOOL
WINAPI
GetWindowRect(
    __in HWND hWnd,
    __out LPRECT lpRect);

We can give a handle to the current desktop window to the above function as input. A sample implementation for getting the current screen resolution is given below.

#include “wtypes.h”
#include
using namespace std;

// Get the horizontal and vertical screen sizes in pixel
void GetDesktopResolution(int& horizontal, int& vertical)
{
   RECT desktop;
   // Get a handle to the desktop window
   const HWND hDesktop = GetDesktopWindow();
   // Get the size of screen to the variable desktop
   GetWindowRect(hDesktop, &desktop);
   // The top left corner will have coordinates (0,0)
   // and the bottom right corner will have coordinates
   // (horizontal, vertical)
   horizontal = desktop.right;
   vertical = desktop.bottom;
}

int main()
{       
   int horizontal = 0;
   int vertical = 0;
   GetDesktopResolution(horizontal, vertical);
   cout << horizontal << '\n' << vertical << '\n';    return 0; } [/sourcecode]